i) burning: The destruction of rainforests is accomplished by enormously wasteful methods. Much forest is destroyed for timber, it is true, but, to provide land for agriculture, even larger areas are burned before the timber is harvested, or after only a few trees have been removed. For instance, the loss of potentially harvestable timber in the Ivory Coast, which sustained a loss of 75% of its forest land between 1960 and 1980, amounted to 200 million m3. Similarly, in Ghana, only about 15% of the timber is harvested before the burning of the forest (Repetto, 1990). Similar tales could be told about Southeast Asia and the Amazon. ii) wastage during logging: More trees are damaged or destroyed by careless logging practices than are actually taken during logging activities. Machinery is carelessly used. Logging roads, camps, and log deposition sites are destructively constructed. Logging operations frequently cut recently-logged areas before recovery, thus preventing regeneration. Only a tiny percentage of tropical forests are being managed for sustainable growth. iii) Logged areas are not protected from incursions by miners, settlers, hunters, shifting cultivators, and are often burned by them for transient agricultural plots.

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